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    What India And Pakistan Resolve In Simla Agreement Of 1972

    The agreement was mutually agreed and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh. While in Kashmir there was only talk of “maintaining the line of control,” a clause was added at India`s insistence that the two countries would only settle their differences by “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other mutually agreed peaceful means,” Guha writes. This theoretically excludes third-party mediation in Kashmir. Under the agreement, the two countries, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir. The Delhi Convention on the Repatriation of War Internees and Civilians is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister for Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] In 2003, Musharraf called for a ceasefire during the LoC. India accepted his proposal and on 25 November concluded a ceasefire agreement, the first formal ceasefire since the beginning of the uprising in Kashmir. The treaty underlines the determination of India and Pakistan to combat terrorism and mutual non-interference in internal affairs. The summit eventually resulted in the Simla Agreement, a pact signed on July 2, 1972 by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Bhutto.

    According to historian Ramachandra Guha, India wanted a “comprehensive treaty to resolve all outstanding issues,” while Pakistan preferred a “piecemeal approach.” Although India wanted a treaty, it got a deal because of the difficult deals made by the Pakistanis. The Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan also agreed that relations between the two countries are subject to the principles of the Un Charter and that they will settle their differences through peaceful and bilateral means. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the most recent of which was the Kargil War in 1999. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the boundary was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too sterile to be contested); this was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla Agreement. .

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